One of the most important ideas in social psychology is that there are different ways to think. Sometimes we consciously process information by reasoning through it. Other times we rely on snap judgements, emotional reactions, habit and instinct. These two ways of thinking (sometimes called “cold” and “hot”, “discursive” and “practical”, or System 1 and System 2) are important for studying society and culture. Is an advertisement trying to persuade you with an argument, or just trying to get you to feel a certain way when you pick up a product? We all think that System 1 is thinking, but once you start noticing System 2 at work, plain old thinking can seem a bit more magical.
Psychics are a fun way to see these ideas at work. Check out this short clip of actor Orson Welles talking about his experience with “cold reading”—learning and practicing the techniques that psychics use to draw conclusions and make predictions about people. Notice how the story he tells moves across the different kinds of thinking.
At first, cold readers consciously rely on a set of observations and rules, but as they get better this process becomes instinctual. They start relying on snap judgements, and they sometimes start believing that their instincts reflect actual psychic abilities. What’s actually happening is a practical insight from their training, it is just packaged and sold like it came from carefully considering a mystical knowledge or power.
But if a psychic doesn’t believe in what they are doing, is selling readings unethical? If the insights they get are based on real observations and instincts, are they just helping people think about their lives in a different way? If you have a little more time to ponder this, check out this cool documentary about Tarot reader Enrique Enriquez. He makes no claims to a mystical power or secret knowledge here; he just lays out cards and talks to people about what they bring to mind. The commentators say this is closer to poetry or performance art than psychic work. What kinds of thinking are going on here?Evan Stewart is an assistant professor of sociology at University of Massachusetts Boston. You can follow him on Twitter.
jon Smith — March 20, 2021
nks for sharing the article, and more importantly, your personal experienceMindfully using our emotions as data about our inner state and knowing w
hen it’s better to de-escalate by taking a time out are great tools. Appreciate you reading and sharing your story, since I can certainly relate and I think others can too
Nick93 — March 28, 2021
Hey, I am trying for subscription on adobe for a long time, but still there is no response from the team. Using https://www.dissertation-service.org/education-dissertation/ is always my first preference because it is only affordable and authentic source for professional writing skills.
sukamin — August 25, 2021
Your article content is being interested by a lot of people, I am very impressed with your post. I hope to receive more good articles. mapquest driving directions
Ariana — September 7, 2021
I support this hypothesis. As they grow more adept, cold readers go from rule-bound observations to an intuitive approach. They become too reliant on quick judgments, and they are sometimes led to believe that their instincts really represent their psychic powers. Their training has given them new insight into their practical situations, which is being packaged and marketed as if it were new. CBD Vape
sweetcandysp — May 5, 2022
I hope that you continue to do your work like this in the future also subway surfers
Wendy — September 3, 2022
The whole point of wordle today is that everyone's solving the same puzzle, with the same answer, no matter where you are in the world.
despre — March 23, 2023
Here you will be get daily lista seriale turcesti subtitrat in romana on despre seriale ro