Last month, Lisa posted a video of Devah Pager discussing her research on the effects of race and a criminal background, and the likelihood of being offered a job. Her experiment indicated that White men with a non-violent drug offense on their record were more likely to get a call back for a job interview than African American men with no criminal background at all.
A post at Discover magazine indicates a similar situation for Muslims in France. Researcher Claire Adida looked at the effects of having a name identified as Muslim on job prospects:
Adida did it by focusing on France’s Senegalese community, which includes a mix of both Muslims and Christians…Adida created three imaginary CVs. All were single, 24-year-old women, with two years of higher education and three years of experience in secretarial or accounting jobs. Only their names, and small details about past employers, differed.
The three chosen names were Khadija Diouf (an easily-recognizable Muslim first name, while Diouf is well-known as a common last name in France’s Senegalese community), Marie Diouf (to represent a Christian Senegalese name), and Aurélie Ménard (a common French name with no particular religious associations). To highlight the religious differences, “Khadija” had worked at Secours Islamique, a non-profit, “Marie” had worked for Secours Catholique, another religious non-profit, and “Aurélie” hadn’t worked for any religious-affiliated employers.
The fictional CVs were then sent out to employers who listed secretarial and accounting jobs with a national employment agency in the spring of 2009; the jobs were matched in pairs based on industry characteristics, size of the employing company, and the specific position. Every position was sent a copy of the CV for Aurélie; for each matched pair of jobs, one got Khadija’s CV while one got Marie’s.
The results are striking. Aurélie got the most responses of all three. However, Marie Diouf also got responses from 21% of the employers the CV was sent to. The nearly identical CV, however, when used with the name Khadija Diouf, got responses from only 8% of potential jobs:
The Discover post adds, “Even after Adida included a photo on the applications (the same one, showing a woman who was clearly not North African), she found the same bias.”
Aurélie’s chances of getting a call back were basically identical for each employer in the matched pairs, which would seem to indicate there weren’t glaring differences between the positions themselves that would account for the variation in responses. Adida’s research also helps control for the possibility that employers might be discriminating based on race/ethnicity, immigrant status, concerns about language, or other factors, by focusing on religious-associated names within a particularly recognizable ethnic group.
A recent survey of Senegalese households in France further indicates that religion affects life chances independent of ethnic background. The survey looked at the income of two Senegalese groups, one Muslim, one Christian:
Both groups arrived in France in the 1970s, so neither enjoyed an economic headstart, although the Christians were slightly better educated. The survey’s data revealed that the Muslim households were significantly poorer than their Christian counterparts, even after adjusting for their initial educational advantage. They’re more likely to fall into poorer income groups and they make around 400 Euros less per month, around 15% of the average monthly salary in France.
Here’s the income distribution, clearly showing Muslim households concentrated at lower incomes than Christian households:
Interestingly, the Discover post suggests this might, if anything, underestimate anti-Muslim bias in the job market, because the Senegalese community is relatively assimilated (particularly in terms of language) and not highly identified with Islam. Muslims from ethnic groups more strongly linked to Islam by the general public may face even higher levels of discrimination.Gwen Sharp is an associate professor of sociology at Nevada State College. You can follow her on Twitter at @gwensharpnv.
j-p — November 28, 2010
Racism from employers is an OLD issue in France... It used to be mandatory to add a picture to a resumé. 3rd generation immigrants still have a hard time finding a job... Outrageous
Even if Québec is a lot more open, Aurélie is going to get a lot more calls than Khadija.
I'm afraid there is no country without any discrimination problem...
missdisco — November 28, 2010
I don't doubt this sorta thing goes on everywhere. I'm sure in the UK more employers will pick the nice English sounding names over anything they consider 'quirky', unless they have to meet some sort of quota of ethnic mix.
It's sad to think this sort of thing is also why a lot of people change their names.
Billy — November 28, 2010
This reminds me of an article I saw in the NYT last week about attractiveness and getting a call back. http://economix.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/11/22/are-attractive-people-more-employable/?hp
Scapino — November 29, 2010
That's a stronger anti-religion bias in general than I would have expected, and makes me wonder if religious work experience is considered less impressive or demanding on a resume.
Ricky — November 29, 2010
In this case discrimination is justified. Would you want to work with someone who is a member of a homicidal death cult and worships a child rapist?
Yglesias » Bias in the French Labor Market — November 30, 2010
[...] Sharp explains: The three chosen names were Khadija Diouf (an easily-recognizable Muslim first name, while Diouf [...]
chocolate frosted sugar links « kiturak — December 2, 2010
[...] via racialicious/ sociological images, Fake CVs reveal discrimination against Muslims in French job market, Discover Magazine: Ed Yong [...]
peacemessage — December 2, 2010
it's nice to know your opinion and i respect your point of view ;i think that you have a wide knowledge about religion but i think you were mistaken about this point ;if you don't mind i suggest you to read this article i hope it will clearify you vision about what you heard about AISHA .but don't be arrogant you should be honest ;don't forget we are here to revealthe truth no lies no hypocrecy ;if you bring the truth we will accept it unless you must confess that you make a big mistak that you are insulting someone you haven't known him well!!!!http://www.muslim.org/islam/aisha-age.htm
Rickey — December 2, 2010
I read the article and it supports what I said about Aisha, that she was 9 when Muhammad had sex with her. The Hadiths, like the reports in Bukhari state as much in no uncertain terms. The evidence that Aisha was older consist only of guesses based on uncertain dates.
If we are to be honest, then you must confess that the best evidence available supports my argument.
You must be embarrassed by the fact that Muhammad had sex with Aisha when she was only 9 years old, otherwise you would not feel it necessary to question the Hidaths and centuries of Islamic scholarship. I don't blame you, it is a horrible thing but by denying this well documented part of your religion, you are the hypocrite.
Rickey — December 2, 2010
Here is a thorough refutation to Zahid Aziz's article.
peacemessage — December 4, 2010
The Prophet married Aisha primarily for three reasons:
To reinforce the friendly relations already existing with Abu Bakr (his closest companion).
To educate and train Aisha so she may serve the purposes of Islam.
To teach her to utilize her capabilities for the sake of Islam.
Her Marriage with the prophet was a Wahi (Divine Revelation). She, herself relates from the Prophet,‘He said, "I saw you in dreams three times. The angel brought you to me and you were clad in white silk. He (the angel) said that it was your consort and he (angel) showed me by opening your face. You are just like that…" Sahih Muslim, Vol.2, p.285.
Arwa Bin Zubair says, "I did not find anyone more proficient (than Aisha ) in the knowledge of the Holy Quran, the Commandments of Halal (lawful) and Haram (prohibited), Ilmul-Ansab and Arabic poetry. That is why, even senior companions of the Prophet used to consult Aisha in resolving intricate issued".Jala-ul-Afham by Ibn Qaiyem and Ibn Sa’ad, Vol.2, p.26
Abu Musa al-Ashari says: "Never had we (the companions) had any difficulty for the solution of which we approached Aisha and did not get some useful information from her".Sirat-I-Aisha, on the authority of Trimidhi, pg. 163
As a teacher she had a clear and persuasive manner of speech and her power of oratory has been described in superlative terms by al-Ahnaf who said: "I have heard speeches of Abu Bakr and Umar, Uthman and Ali and the Khulafa up to this day, but I have not heard speech more persuasive and more beautiful from the mouth of any person than from the mouth of Aishah."
The Prophet said, "The superiority of 'Aisha to other ladies is like the superiority of Tharid (i.e. meat and bread dish) to other meals. Many men reached the level of perfection, but no woman reached such a level except Mary, the daughter of Imran and Asia, the wife of Pharaoh." Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith, Narrated by Abu Musa Al Ashari Hadith 4.643
Musa Ibn Talha ® says, "I did not see anyone more eloquent than Aisha ®" Mustadrak of Hakim, Vol.4,p.11
Men and women came from far and wide to benefit from her knowledge.
Aisha’s great interest in the study of the Qur’an is understandable. She was an eye-witness to a number of revelations and had therefore a clear idea of the circumstances in which they were revealed. It was on her bed alone (and no other consort’s) that the Prophet received Wahi (Divine Revelations) several times. This helped her in interpreting the verses.
At the time of the Prophet’s death, the Prophet’s head was on her lap. It was in her quarters that the Prophet was buried.(teach the love)
The life of Aishah (R) is a proof that a woman can be far more learned than men and that she can be the teacher of scholars and experts. Her life is also a proof that a woman can exert influence over men and women and provide them with inspiration and leadership. Aisha (R) is a continuing inspiration and role model to today’s youth who are diligently searching for an example amongst the pop stars, movie actresses and sports stars. May the memory of her’s live forever in the heart of the Muslim Ummah and may Allah grant her the highest abode in Paradise…Aameen.
peacemessage — December 4, 2010
It was the aforementioned qualities of Aisha and the Prophet’s guidance in molding these capabilities for the service of Islam, were the main reasons, why the Prophet Married young Aisha , and not the perverted reasons brought forth by misguided orientalists.
Muslims invite all sincere humans to study the life of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon) in the light of the authentic sources of the Quran and the Sunnah (exemplary sayings and deeds of the Prophet) and judge for themselves where the truth lies. Indeed, by recognizing the truth of Islam as the final and complete Guidance sent by our Creator can humanity find lasting peace in this world and a means of salvation from the hell fire in the hereafter.
"I have studied him - the wonderful man and in my opinion far from being an anti-Christ, he must be called the Savior of Humanity. I believe that if a man like him were to assume the dictatorship of the modern world, he would succeed in solving its problems in a way that would bring it the much needed peace and happiness: I have prophesied about the faith of Muhammad that it would be acceptable to the Europe of tomorrow as it is beginning to be acceptable to the Europe of today." George Bernard Shaw, THE GENUINE ISLAM, Vol. 1, No. 81936.
Though, the Prophet is not among us in his flesh, but his exemplary life has been preserved for all humanity to follow.
When Truth comes Falsehood disappears, Islam came, now Shirk (polytheism) must clear
Welcome to Islam…
peacemessage — December 5, 2010
Listen to me.. dears.. Muslims or Non-Muslims..!
Please first of all Think that we are talking about the Greatest Personality of This World...!
The Prophit Muhammad...!!(PBUH)
We also Respect Every Preacher of Allah... Like Esa;,mose... Etc..! We respect every Religion.!
Basicall The Reason of That Marriage was... To Provide a Teacher and Preacher Of Islam After Holy Prophet , to The Muslims as well as to the World , About ISLAM
She (Isha R.A) Served the Islam after Muhammad, More than 40 Years...! So many Problems and affairs were Discussed Wid Her.. And She Solved those Problems For Muslims, And Explains The Princples of Islam which Our Holy Prophit Teach Her.!
So, Please Don't Hit , without Knowledge.!
Allah Bless you All...! and May Allah Show you the Right Path.!(Aamin)
peacemessage — December 7, 2010
where are you mr or ms ricky ??????????
why not any one give his mind
I think you are convinced about prophet mohammeds marriage from Aisha ,
may God guide to truth
Zainaub joomun — February 14, 2011
First of all i would like to thanks peacemessage 4 giving such an outstanding answer to all z ignorants who are not well informed about the greatness of prophet mohammad (pbuh)and who just blabber.
I just want to add my views ,He z prophet mohammad is the greatest of all if not 4 him u wouldnt be here.So just think before talking.And you all who want to defame the holy prophet i really pity you,if you continue you will perish ,so beware,Fear god!!!
I know you can never prove your points because the prophet is the best ,so dnt even try to forge or invent dirty things,because you are a nobody if you dont believe the grandeur of the holy prophet.U r all blind if u cant see his greatest and its futile to show you.
But sooner or later you will see it.hope its not too late.just ponder over it.!!!