Dolores R. sent us a link to some graphics at Mother Jones about work and income. There are a lot of different topics covered, but I thought I’d highlight their inclusion of some maps generated by the McGill Institute for Health and Social Policy, which gathers international data on government policies about work and family, such as requirements for paid parental leave.
This map shows how much weekly time off from work national governments have guaranteed workers (16 nations require none):
Of course, some nations, like the U.S., don’t regulate whether hourly-wage workers must have a day off each week but require they be paid at a higher rate if they work more than a certain number of hours (40 is usually the magic number in the U.S.), though this often doesn’t really apply to salaried workers, who aren’t paid by the hour.
Here’s paid annual leave (9 nations have none):
Paid maternity leave (6 nations have none):
The McGill Institute has interactive maps that let you compare global policies on a number of family-work balance issues. You can get global maps, such as these, or compare specific countries.
Another Jack — June 26, 2011
These show how much time off is dictated by governments, not actual time off. So it doesn't take into account the many American companies (such as my own) that give several weeks maternity and paternity leave (and with options for reduced hours after that), instead just tries to portray the U.S. in the most negative light possible as if Americans never get any paid time off.
Anonymous — June 26, 2011
I make less money by working for a government entity, but one of the reasons I stay is that I get more time off, and that's been typical of all the jobs I've held as an adult.
Especially when you are a parent, if all you have is two weeks, all the kids have to do is get sick once or twice, and your vacation is all gone. If you have 3 weeks or more, you can still get that done AND have a week to do whatever.
More time off generally makes for happier and more productive employees. We Americans already work longer hours than most other countries, and have less paid time off as well. With the recession, and jobs being hard to come by, it's an easy thing to take away paid time off and/or ask employees for longer hours...it's not like they can easily find another job.
Maybe it's a good thing to have minimum vacation mandated by law. Otherwise it's easy to take advantage of employees. Right now, maybe it's only those at the low end of the pay scale who are impacted, but things like that tend to move on up the chain.
Kat — June 26, 2011
What I absolutely "love" about this is that there is still talk in the US, which is really in a bad position economically compared with states WHO do have all these universal benefits, that it is because the unions have to much power and workers demand to much. HEADDESK!
Un argentino — June 26, 2011
The first graph is not accurate. In Argentina there´s 24 hs of weekly time off guaranteed.
che — June 26, 2011
I have a decent job at an Ivy, and I'm not allowed overtime. I've heard it's because I have an NIH grant-funded position and these positions aren't allowed overtime, but I don't know if that's true or if my employers are cheating me. I don't actually work any overtime, but it's BS that I can only take comp time if I do work overtime.
Gilbert Pinfold — June 27, 2011
I expect from these graphs to see a stream of migrants from the US to the workers paradise of Mexico.
[links] Link salad wakes up at home | jlake.com — June 27, 2011
[...] International Comparison of Work Leave Policies — Some interesting charts that really highlight how unprogressive US labor policy is. [...]
Work Leave Policies Worldwide;Eddie Long and the DADT Of the Black Church; And More « Welcome to the Doctor's Office — June 27, 2011
[...] INTERNATIONAL COMPARISON OF WORK LEAVE POLICIES by Gwen Sharp [...]
What We Missed — June 27, 2011
[...] A color-coded illustration of just how much American maternity leave policy sucks. [...]
GEM — June 27, 2011
Hmmm, in Canada maternity leave is one year. A father can "use" six months of that year, if the parents opt to split the leave that way. This has been in place at least 10 years. It looks like the data in this post might be incorrect.
Abortion Isn’t That Simple, Mr. Douthat | I'm Not Tired Yet: Larkin Callaghan — June 28, 2011
[...] number one cause of death for pregnant women); because she has a low-wage hourly job that offers no maternity leave which could help her stay well while carrying the baby if needed; because she has no health [...]
D.J.H. — June 28, 2011
The situation is quite bad in the US, regarding maternity leave.
Don't even ask about the situation regarding paternity leave. You'll probably just get a blank stare, followed by the question, "What's that?"
Lena — June 29, 2011
Australia recently introduced Paid Parental Leave. You can get up to 18 weeks of leave, and get about $550 a week, paid by the government. Either parent can take the leave, whether wholly or split with their partner (if in a couple). This is in addition to any parental leave granted by the parent's employer. All employers are required by law to grant up to 12 months unpaid maternity leave to employees who have been there for 12 months or more.
Minion — July 2, 2011
I think maternity leave in the US is based only on how soon the mother can medically return to work. It takes 6 weeks or about 40 days to physically recover from birth,
3-4 months if the mother has a major abdominal surgery/C-section. Pregnancy is usually treated like disability.
Most fathers of any economic class witness the birth of their babies so their must some informal acceptance of dad taking off to see his kid born but there must be some acceptance of dad taking off from work to witness the birth, but it certainly isn't paid.
But US maternity and paternity leave have nothing to do with the needs of the child. The idea that parenting has to be compatible with employment hasn't quite sunk in yet,
at least to certain people in congress.
And the idea that a company has any obligation to do any thing beside accumulate as much money as possible by any means is extremely controversial.
This also might be kind of miss leading because this map shows federal laws and a lot of labor practices are regulated by the states.
You are doing WHAT?!!? Reflections on Life and Work | Ted Paulson -- Sociology blog — July 6, 2011
[...] American spend an insane amount of time working. A lot. We take no vacations, work like crazy, and are still in crazy debt. What? (Great article in sociological images discussing this topic) [...]
BrainSell — November 11, 2011
Glass 1/2 full: we're the hardest working
Glass 1/2 empty: we're worked too much
Reentry Ruminantions | postmodern childbirth — February 29, 2012
[...] Sociological Images posted some maps which give a nice visual on paid leave (maternity and otherwise) around the world. [...]
“Manosphere” Community Beliefs: Truths and Nonsense | JayMan's Blog — October 19, 2013
[...] explained). These include programs to help working mothers, such as state supported day care and paid maternity leave. (Though of course, even these cannot completely compensate for basic effective cost of living – [...]
Holly Hayes — October 24, 2014
Wow, I didn't know the U.S. didn't have paid maternity leave or sick leave. What the hell is going on down there? Honestly.
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